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UTILIZATION: Sledge dog.
FCI-CLASSIFICATION: Group 5 Spitz and primitive types. Section 1 Nordic Sledge Dogs. Without working trial.

GENERAL APPEARANCE: The Siberian Husky is a mediumsized working dog, quick and light on his feet and free and graceful
in action. His moderately compact and well furred body, erect ears and brush tail suggest his Northern heritage. His characteristic gait is
smooth and seemingly effortless. He performs his original function in harness most capably, carrying a light load at a moderate speed
over great distances. His body proportions and form reflect this basic balance of power, speed and endurance. The males of the
Siberian Husky breed are masculine but never coarse; the bitches are feminine but without weakness of structure. In proper condition,
with muscle firm and well developed, the Siberian Husky does not carry excess weight.


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- In profile, the length of the body from the point of the shoulder to the rear point of the croup is slightly longer than the

height of the body from the ground to the top of the withers.
- The distance from the tip of the nose to the stop is equal to the distance from the stop to the occiput.



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BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT: The characteristic temperament of the Siberian Husky is friendly and gentle, but also
alert and outgoing. He does not display the possessive qualities of the guard dog, nor is he overly suspicious of strangers or aggressive
with other dogs. Some measure of reserve and dignity may be expected in the mature dog. His intelligence, tractability, and eager disposition make him an agreeable companion and willing worker.



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Skull: Of medium size and in proportion to the body; sligthly rounded on top and tapering from the widest point to the eyes.
Stop: Well defined.



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Nose: Black in black, grey, sable or agouti dogs; liver in red dogs;
black, liver or flesh-coloured in pure white dogs. The lighter-streaked
« snow nose » is equally acceptable.



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Muzzle: Of medium length and of medium width, tapering gradually to the nose, with the tip neither pointed nor square.

The bridge of the nose is straight from the stop to the tip.
Lips: Well pigmented and close fitting.
Jaws/Teeth: Closing in a scissor bite.



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EYES: Almond shaped, moderately spaced and set a trifle obliquely. Eyes may be brown or blue in colour;

one of each or particoloured are acceptable.
Expression: Keen, but friendly, interested and even mischievous.



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EARS: Of medium size, triangular in shape, close fitting and set high on the head. They are thick, well furred, slightly arched at the
back, and strongly erect, with slightly rounded tips pointing straight up.



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NECK: Medium in length, arched and carried proudly erect when dog is standing. When moving at a trot, the neck is extended so that
the head is carried slightly forward.



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Back: Straight and strong, with a level topline from withers to croup. Of medium length, neither cobby nor slack from excessive length.
Loin: Taut and lean, narrower than the rib cage, and with a slight tuck-up.
Croup: Slopes away from the spine at an angle, but never so steeply as to restrict the rearward thrust of the hind legs.
Chest: Deep and strong, but not too broad, with the deepest point being just behind and level with the elbows.

The ribs are well sprung from the spine but flattened on the sides to allow for freedom of action.



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TAIL: The well furred tail of fox-brush shape is set on just below the level of the topline, and is usually carried over the back in a
graceful sickle curve when the dog is at attention. When carried up, the tail does not curl to either side of the body,

nor does it snap flat against the back. A trailing tail is normal for the dog when in repose.

Hair on the tail is of medium length and approximately the same
length on top, sides and bottom, giving the appearance of a round brush.



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When standing and viewed from the front, the legs are moderately spaced, parallel and straight. Bone is substantial
but never heavy. Length of the leg from the elbow to ground is slightly more than the distance from the elbow to the top of withers.
Dewclaws on forelegs may be removed.
Shoulders and arm: The shoulder blade is well laid back. The upper arm angles slightly backward from point of shoulder to elbow, and is
never perpendicular to the ground. The muscles and ligaments holding the shoulder to the rib cage are firm and well developed.
Elbows: Close to the body and turned neither in nor out.

Pastern joint: Strong, but flexible.
Pastern: Viewed from the side, pasterns are slightly slanted.
Forefeet: Oval in shape but not long. The paws are medium in size, compact and well furred between the toes and pads. The pads are
tough and thickly cushioned. The paws neither turn in nor out when the dog is in natural stance.


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HINDQUARTERS: When standing and viewed from the rear, the hind legs are moderately spaced and parallel.

Dewclaws, if any, are to be removed.
Upper thigh: Well muscled and powerful. Stifle: Well bent.
Hock joint: Well defined and set low to ground.
Hind feet: Oval in shape but not long. The paws are medium in size, compact and well furred between the toes and pads.

The pads are tough and thickly cushioned. The paws neither turn in nor out when
the dog is in natural stance.



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 GAIT / MOVEMENT: The Siberian Husky’s characteristic gait is smooth and seemingly effortless. He is quick and light on his feet,
and when in the show ring should be gaited on a loose lead at a moderately fast trot, exhibiting good reach in the forequarters and
good drive in the hindquarters. When viewed from the front to rear while moving at a walk the Siberian Husky does not single-track, but
as the speed increases the legs gradually angle inward until the pads are falling on a line directly under the longitudinal center of the
body. As the pad marks converge, the forelegs and hind legs are carried straightforward, with neither elbows nor stifles turned in or
out. Each’hind leg moves in the path of the foreleg on the same side. While the dog is gaiting, the topline remains firm and level.



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Hair: The coat of the Siberian Husky is double and medium in length, giving a well furred appearance, but is never so long as to
obscure the cleancut outline of the dog. The undercoat is soft and dense and of sufficient length to support the outer coat. The guard
hairs of the outer coat are straight and somewhat smooth lying, never harsh nor standing straight off from the body. It should be noted that the absence of the undercoat during the shedding season is normal. Trimming of whiskers and fur between the toes and around the feet to present a neater appearance is permissible. Trimming the fur on any other part of the dog is not to be condoned and should be
severely penalized.


Colour: All colours from black to pure white are allowed. A variety of markings on the head is common, including many striking patterns
not found in other breeds.


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         black - white                                      red-white                                            light red - white


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   grey - white                                  mostly black ("Sachem's Dream")                         agouti ("Velnio Malunas")


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        red - white ("Velnio Malunas")



Height at withers: Dogs: 21 to 23, 5 inches (53,5 - 60 cm). Females: 20 to 22 inches (50,5 - 56 cm).
Weight: Dogs: 45 to 60 pounds (20,5 - 28 kg). Females: 35 to 50 pounds (15,5 - 23 kg).
Weight is in proportion to height. The measurements mentioned above represent the extreme height and weight limits with no
preference given to either extreme. Any appearance of excessive bone or weight should be penalized.



The most important breed characteristics of the Siberian Husky are medium size, moderate bone, well balanced
proportions, ease and freedom of movement, proper coat, pleasing head and ears, correct tail, and good disposition. Any appearance of
excessive bone or weight, constricted or clumsy gait, or long, rough coat should be penalized. The Siberian Husky never appears so
heavy or coarse as to suggest a freighting animal; nor is he so light and fragile as to suggest a sprint-racing animal. In both sexes the
Siberian Husky gives the appearance of being capable of great endurance. In addition to the faults already noted, the obvious
structural faults common to all breeds are as undesirable in the Siberian Husky as in any other breed, even though they are not
specifically mentioned herein



Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be
regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
• Skull: Head clumsy or heavy; head too finely chiseled.
• Stop: Insufficient.
• Muzzle: Either too snipy or too coarse; too short or too long.
• Jaws/Teeth: Any bite other than scissor bite.
• Eyes: Set too obliquely; set too close together.
• Ears: Too large in proportion to the head; too wide set; not strongly erect.
• Neck: Too short and thick; too long.
• Back: Weak or slack back; roached back; sloping topline.
• Chest: Too broad; « barrel ribs »; ribs too flat or weak.
• Tail: A snapped or tightly curled tail; highly plumed tail; tail set too low or too high.
• Shoulder: Straight shoulder; loose shoulder.
• Forequarter: Weak pasterns; too heavy bone; too narrow or too wide in the front; out at the elbows.
• Hindquarter: Straight stifles, cow-hocks, too narrow or too wide in the rear.
• Feet: Soft or splayed toes; paws too large and clumsy; paws too small and delicate; toeing in or out.
• Gait/Movement: Short, prancing or choppy gait, lumbering or rolling gait; crossing or crabbing.
• Hair: Long, rough, or shaggy coat; texture too harsh or too silky; trimming of the coat, except as permitted above.


• Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities.
• Dogs over 60 cm and bitches over 56 cm.
• Merle and brindle patterns.




Siberian Husky DON'T move like German Shepherd, Afghan Hound or Bracco Italiano,
Siberian Husky DON'T have flying trot,
Siberian Husky DON'T show exaggerated gait,
Siberian Husky DON'T show sloping topline,
Siberian Husky DON'T cross over,
Siberian Husky DON'T overreach,
Siberian Husky DON'T kick back.

Siberian husky is moving at a balanced trot. This gait requires the reach of the front legs to equal the drive of the back legs while the topline remains firm and level. Siberian husky is a working breed and everything whats written in the breed standard leads it to it's fit for function.

It is sad to see so many post with photos of Siberian Husky in motion, that clearly show the breed representatives not moving correctly, but it is absolutely terrifying to read the author’s statements "I love this movement", "Fantastic mover" and then to see comments of other breeders who agree with the words using OMG what a movement, WOW, fantastic...

Siberian Husky gait described in the Standard of the breed: "The Siberian Husky’s characteristic gait is smooth and seemingly effortless. He is quick and light on his feet, and when in the show ring should be gaited on a loose lead at a moderately fast trot, exhibiting good reach in the forequarters and good drive in
the hindquarters. When viewed from the front to rear while moving
at a walk the Siberian Husky does not single-track, but as the speed
increases the legs gradually angle inward until the pads are falling on a line directly under the longitudinal center of the body. As the pad marks converge, the forelegs and hind legs are carried straightforward, with neither elbows nor stifles turned in or out. Each’hind leg moves in the path of the foreleg on the same side. While the dog is gaiting, the topline remains firm and level."


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On the photos

World Winner BIS BISS Int Ch Ch Pl Es Ua Ch Winter Melody If I Only had a Brain
European Winner Int Ch Ch Winter Melody Here Comes Trouble
World Winner, Junior World Winner Int Ch Ch Es Pl Cz Sk Lt Winter Melody Am I Absolutely In Trouble
Junior World Winner Ch Winter Melody Absolute Trouble In Power



Siberian husky tail as described in the standard is "well furred tail of fox-brush shape is set on just below the level of the topline, and is usually carried over the back in a graceful sickle curve when the dog is at attention. When carried up, the tail does not curl to either side of the body, nor does it snap flat against the back. A trailing tail is normal for the dog when in repose. Hair on the tail is of medium length and approximately the same length on top, sides and bottom, giving the appearance of a round brush". Faults indicated in the standard are: "a snapped or tightly curled tail, highly plumed tail, tail set too low or too high"
Tail has lots of purpose – it aids a dog's balance and movement; covers the dogs nose when its cold; it is used for communication.
With their tails they often send clear message of dominance or submission. When they carry the tail high, they might release more of the dog's natural scent from the anal glands and that's typically a sign of dominance. Submissive dogs trying to keep a low profile carry their tails lower. Young dogs (due to hormonal changes), females in season, dominant dogs might tend to carry the tail "higher" (in a sickle) from time to time, especially when they get close to other dogs, just to show how super important they are. It may be observed when a dominant dog trots freely with a trailing tail, it would carry the tail higher for few seconds when passing next to another dog. Others would do the same when very excited, and all that can be often seen also in the show ring - but it is not a fault. Making the dog using some energy and getting more focused usually helps to solve this "issue". While working in harness, as the dog stays in focus and the tail helps with body balance, it would most of the time be a trailing one, even on the dogs that normally use to carry their tail in a sickle.
*all the photos were made by me, many of the dogs belong to me, on the faults examples I tried to crop as much as possible so that to prevent recognizing the dogs

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what's behind the coat - here is the example of how important it is to put your hands-on the dog while judging. It is an 9 year old female, that has been doing great both in a show rings and in the harness.
Photos showing totally wet coat and after bath and dry.


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The Siberian Husky a Brief History

The Siberian Husky arrived in North America in the fall of 1908 without fanfare. Most other dogs had taken the more conventional route to our shores across the Atlantic Ocean from countries where they had become well established breeds. This unknown breed of Northern dog, however, sneaked through a remote back door to America quietly and unobtrusively at a point where the peninsulas of Asia and America almost meet.


Imported to Nome, Alaska by the Russian fur trader William Goosak, the team of Siberians was to be entered in the 1909 All Alaska Sweepstakes race of 408 miles with its $10,000 first prize. No one was impressed with Goosak's little dogs, weighing only 40 to 52 pounds, much smaller compared to their longer legged, heavier competitors. The people of Nome referred to the imports as "Siberian Rats."


Siberian Huskies have taken top honors in many races in the ensuing years, but their first race run on American soil will always remain, by far, their most important. Goosak persuaded Louis Thurstrop, a Danish sailor, to drive his team. This team, even though the odds were 100 to 1 against it in the betting, made a tremendous showing and nearly won the race, placing third. Rumor ran rampant in Nome that gamblers had paid off the driver before he reached the finish in order to save them from ruin. It was said that had Thurstrop won, it would have broken the Bank of Nome.


On the strength of their showing of speed and, particularly, endurance under the most trying conditions, Fox Maule Ramsay, a young Scotsman then in Nome and a competitor himself in the 1909 race, went to Siberia in the summer of 1909. Travelling up the Anadyr River to the trading settlement of Markovo, Ramsay procured around 60 of the best specimens of the breed he could find. He entered three teams of Siberians in the 1910 All Alaska Sweepstakes race, one for each of his uncles and one he drove himself. The team entered in the name of Col. Charles Ramsay and driven by John "Iron Man" Johnson, a Swedish Finn, came in first with an elapsed time of 74 hours, 14 minutes, 37 seconds, the best ever time for the 408 mile race held annually through 1917. Fox Ramsay came in second. The third Siberian team, entered for Col. Stuart and driven by Charles Johnson, placed 4th. (The 75th anniversary All Alaska Sweepstakes race was held in 1983, following the same trail and rules as the original race. The winner was 5 time Iditarod champion Rick Swenson. His time was over 10 hours slower than Iron Man Johnson's 1910 winning time.)


The Siberians attained enormous popularity as racing dogs and the amusement prior to the 1910 race turned to admiration. Although Ramsay's dogs and their progeny went on to win many races through the years, it was Goosak's team of stoic little aliens who set the stage for the importation of the greatest of northern racing breeds, the Siberian dog, later to be known as the Siberian Husky.


In 1913, Roald Amundsen, the Norwegian explorer who was the first man to reach the South Pole, began planning an expedition to the North Pole for 1914. His friend, Jafet Lindberg, also a Norwegian, and co-owner of the largest mining company in Nome, offered to buy and train the dogs for Amundsen. From all over the Seward Peninsula, the best Siberians were selected and purchased. This group of sled dogs was turned over to Leonhard Seppala, an employee of Lindberg's and a fellow Norwegian, to be trained for the upcoming expedition. In 1914 Amundsen gave up his North Pole trek due to the start of World War I. Seppala, with the encouragement of the Pioneer Mining Company, continued to train the Siberians, entering them in the last four Sweepstakes races, winning the last three - 1915, 1916, and 1917. The United States entry in World War I ended the great race series.


In January 1925, Nome was gripped in a spreading diphtheria epidemic. The closest life-saving serum was over 600 miles away, so a dog team relay was formed to hasten its arrival. Seppala left Nome eastbound with 20 Siberians to meet the serum in Nulato, over 300 miles away on the Yukon River. Due to increased urgency for the medicine, the dog team relay continued west beyond Nulato and Seppala met a team carrying the serum package on the eastern shore of Norton Sound. In spite of already having run all day, and in the midst of a blizzard, Seppala turned his tired team around and, with his great leader Togo, made the perilous run back across the Sound to Golovin. A team led by Balto, and driven by Gunnar Kaasen, completed the last leg of the relay. A statue of Balto stands in New York's Central Park, honoring all of the sled dogs of the Serum Run.


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Leonhard Seppala withTogo and Fitz                                                  Gunner Kaason and Balto            

Property of Museum of History & Industry, Seattle


As a result of his heroism in the Serum Run, Leonhard Seppala was invited to tour several cities in the lower 48 in the fall of 1926. Leaving Nome with over 40 Siberian Huskies, including Togo, Seppala traveled from west to east, stopping in Seattle, Kansas City, Dayton, Detroit, and Providence, before finally visiting New York City. There, at Madison Square Garden, Togo was presented a medal by the explorer Roald Amundsen, for his role in the serum relay. After his tour, in December 1926, Seppala went to New England and was hosted by Arthur Walden of Wonalancet, New Hampshire. Walden, a former Klondike gold seeker, had been winning many of the races in the up and growing New England/Eastern Canada sled dog races with his line of sled dogs based on Chinook, his large, yellow, mixed breed dog.


Seppala entered his Siberians in a race at Poland Spring, Maine in January 1927. In a repeat of the breed's introduction in Nome, the New Englanders looked upon the Siberians with pity. Once again, they were dwarfed by the huge New England dogs, and it came as a surprise to all except Seppala when the Siberians easily won their first race outside Alaska, beating Walden's team by over seven minutes over the 25 mile course.


Two weeks later, Seppala won the more prestigious New England Point To Point 3 day race near Laconia. It was apparent that the Siberians were superior to the local racing dogs, and many mushers were anxious to acquire them. Seppala, in partnership with Elizabeth Ricker, a New England musher and afficionado of the Siberian, established a kennel at Poland Spring, Maine. Seppala came from Alaska each fall to New England and raced the Siberians, amassing more wins and records across the area than any other musher. His last year of racing in the lower 48, 1932, included the Winter Olympics at Lake Placid, New York, where sled dog racing was staged as a demonstration sport.


The Seppala/Ricker kennel closed in 1931 after many mushers had acquired Siberians from it, and Seppala returned to Alaska for good in 1932, leaving his remaining Siberians with Harry Wheeler, owner of the Gray Rocks Inn in St. Jovite, Quebec. Wheeler established his famous kennel, with the suffix "of Seppala," and provided many more fine Siberians to mushers and kennels during the 1930's. Wheeler himself continued to race the Siberians and win several big races, including Laconia and Québec City. All the registered dogs of today can trace their ancestry to the dogs from the Seppala-Ricker kennel or Harry Wheeler's kennel.


The dogs that Goosak brought to Nome in 1908 varied considerably in phenotype. Some were long and leggy, others shorter coupled and heavier boned, some marked symmetrically, some not. Indigenous Siberian breeders used performance as the only criterion-aesthetics did not enter the picture. Seppala, although obviously concerned with function, had already begun breeding with an eye to greater uniformity. The breed was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1930, and the first standard was published in the AKC Gazette in April 1932. The degree to which the basic tenets of the original 1930 Standard have survived five revisions indicates the kind of in-depth study that went into its composition.


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Monadnock huskies


Of the many early foundation kennels in New England, Eva "Short" Seeley's Chinook Kennel and Lorna Demidoff's Monadnock Kennel were the most successful in demonstrating the concept of a dual purpose Siberian, one who could win in the show ring as well as on the trail. Too often today, one hears the argument of show dogs versus sled dogs and forgets that not only did Chinook and Monadnock produce the foundation stock for almost every show kennel in the country after World War II, but they also fielded some of the top racing teams of their day and the teams they drove contained many bench show champions, many of them outstanding leaders. (Most Siberian sled dogs were used by the Army during World War II for arctic search and rescue. After a half decade hiatus for the War and the end of the depression, the breed became ever more popular and the interest in sled dog racing spread.)


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Chinook Seeley husky



There was no one actually breeding pure Siberians in Alaska in 1946 when Natalie Jubin arrived with two AKC registered Siberians bred by Eva "Short" Seeley of Chinook Kennels in New Hampshire. One of these, Chinook's Alladin of Alyeska, became the foundation stud of today's oldest Siberian kennel--Alaskan Kennels, owned by Earl and Natalie Norris. An Alladin grandson, Ch. Bonzo of Anadyr, CD, became the first Siberian Husky to win Best In Show at an AKC all breed show (1955). Bonzo was the Norris's main leader from 1954 to 1960. Another Alladin grandson, Ch. Tyndrum's Olso, CD led Kit MacInnes to both the Women's Alaskan and the Women's North American championships, and a 2nd at the open Rondy. Both dogs are prominently featured in Alaska and in sled dog books for their racing and leadership qualities more than their other achievements.



This dual purpose concept was successfully continued into the 1960s and 1970s by Charlie and Carolyn Posey's Yeso Pac Kennel. Earl and Natalie continue to field an all-Siberian team for the Iditarod, as they have done in almost every Iditarod Trail sled dog race since its inception in 1973. Earl himself raced in 1985 and 1986 and Martin Buser ran Anadyr dogs in 1980 and 1981.


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Balto statues in New York City

Revised 1998 by Robert H. Thomas.

Excerpts: The Siberian Husky, ISHC; Brief History of the Siberian Husky in Alaska, Natalie and Earl Norris; and The Complete Siberian Husky, Lorna Demidoff and Michael Jennings


The breief history is coming from Siberian Husky Club Of America


So… You Want A Siberian Husky?


Are you interested in buying a Siberian Husky? Then, you've already heard how marvelous they are. We think you should also

be told that they do have their shortcomings, and may not make the ideal pet for everyone who is attracted to them.

Siberians are a gregarious lot and need the company of other dogs or of people at all times. If you work all day, or have room

for only one dog . . . don't buy a Siberian.


While capable of strong affection for his family, the Siberian Husky is also very friendly with strangers. So, if you want the fierce

loyalty of a one-man dog . . . don't buy a Siberian.


The Siberian Husky is not a watch dog, although those ignorant of his true nature may be frightened by his appearance. If you

want a dog with aggressive guard-dog instincts . . . don't buy a Siberian.


At least once a year Siberians shed their coats. If you like fur all over the house and in the very air you breathe, then fine. If, however, you value neatness at all times, then . . . don't buy a Siberian.


Siberian Huskies have a natural proclivity for digging holes in backyards. If you take great pride in your landscaping

efforts . . . don't buy a Siberian.


Of all the shortcomings to be found in Siberians, the most dangerous to the pet owner is their tremendous desire to RUN. But the

very first dash that a puppy makes across the road could be his last run, anywhere. A Siberian, for his own protection, should

be kept confined or under control at all times. If you are one of those people who think it is cruel to kennel a dog, or keep him

confined in his own backyard . . . don't buy a Siberian.


We just happen to believe that any dog is better off in a proper kennel than running loose all over the countryside. Yes, a kennel

dog is missing a lot in life: the chance to be hit by a car; the fun of being dirty, full of burrs, and loaded with worms; the opportunity

of being attacked by other dogs; the joy of being sick on garbage infested with disease; the pleasure of being tormented

by mean kids; the thrill of being shot in a farmyard; and finally the great comfort of never knowing where he belongs or how

to behave. We don't want to see any Siberian become a TRAMP.


If you have read this far, honestly feel that you qualify on all counts, and are still determined to own a Siberian, then we take great pleasure in welcoming you to the fold. Join the rest of us in the smug complacency of knowing that we own the most beautiful, the smartest, the most nearly ideal dog in the world . . . the SIBERIAN HUSKY!


Source: So ... you want a Siberian Husky is coming from Siberian Husky Club Of America

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Siberian Husky - health




There are many possible eye defects in dogs, but only three are of current concern in th Siberian. They can occur in any eye color, the current information has not yet verify the mode of genetic inheritance for every eye disorder, and in some cases they may be environmentally influenced. Hereditary or juvenile cataracts, corneal dystrophy, and progressive retinal atrophy, each disorder is present in a different portion of the eye.

CATARACTS - A cataract is an abnormality of the lens in which an opacity, or a cloudy change in the tissue, scatters light. Hence, the normal composition of the lens is disrupted and its transparency is lost. If a large portion of the lens becomes a cataract, it prevents formed light from reaching the retina, causing poor vision.
Most cataracts in dogs have a hereditary basis. Cataracts can also result from injury to or inflammation in the eye, or systemic diseases that have an affect on the eyes. Diabetes is the most common disease associated with cataracts in dogs. Although it may be difficult to name the specific cause of cataracts, generally those cataracts that develop in the eyes that are free of signs of disease (whether ocular or systemic) are assumed to be inherited. Cataracts are assumed to be hereditary unless associated with known trauma, ocular inflammation, specific metabolic diseases or nutritional deficiencies.


PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy) - is a degenerative disease of the retina that ultimately leads to loss of vision. The retina is the neurosensory structure in the back of the eye that transmits images to the brain. In one of the most common form of PRA called prcd-PRA (progressive rod-cone degeneration), the rods degenerate first leading to a loss in night vision followed by the cones with a loss of day vision. The Siberian Husky has a unique type of PRA that is only found in Siberians and man. This type of PRA is called XLPRA (X Linked PRA) since it is transmitted through the "XX" chromosome of the female. It will cause a loss of night vision followed by a loss of day vision, eventually blindness. The recessive gene for XLPRA is situated on the "X" chromosome of the female. Females who inherit a defective gene on the "X" chromosome from one parent and a normal gene on the other "X" chromosome from the other parent, will not be seriously affected. They will be carriers with very subtle retinal defects and no loss of vision. The male puppy from a carrier dam will receive either a defective gene or a normal gene, depending on what chromosome was copied in the DNA replication. If he has the defective gene, the dog will be affected with PRA since males carry an "XY" chromosome. The disease in males can be devastating with loss of vision as early as 5 months of age.


CORNEAL DYSTROPHY - Corneal dystrophy is a term used to describe several conditions that occur in dogs and cause the corneas to become opaque. There are three major categories of corneal dystrophy: epithelial, stromal, and endothelial. Each is named by the anatomic location of the abnormal tissue and opacity.


source: ACVO, ECVO, Siberian Husky Club of Amcerica




Canine Hip Dysplasia typically develops because of an abnormally developed hip joint, but can also be caused by cartilage damage from a traumatic fracture.severe hip dysplasia With cartilage damage or a hip joint that isn’t formed properly, over time the existing cartilage will lose its thickness and elasticity. This breakdown of the cartilage will eventually result in pain with any joint movement.

No one can predict when or even if a dysplastic dog will start showing clinical signs of lameness due to pain. The severity of the disease can be affected by environmental factors, such as caloric intake or level of exercise. There are a number of dysplastic dogs with severe arthritis that run, jump, and play as if nothing is wrong and some dogs with barely any arthritic x-ray evidence that are severely lame.


source: OFA




Ectopic ureters are a physical defect in one or both of the ureters, which are the small tubes that travel from the kidneys to the bladder. Urine flows from the kidney into the bladder through these ureters, but sometimes one or both do not lead all the way to the bladder, so they bring urine wherever they do lead, which may be the uterus, vagina, or urethra. Because these other organs are unable to handle the storage of urine, this causes leakage, infection, and irritation of the urinary and reproductive system. The hereditary nature of Ectopic Ureter has not yet been proven.




Epilepsy is the most common neurological disorder seen in dogs, and has been estimated to affect approximately 0.75% of the canine population3. The term epilepsy refers to a heterogeneous disease that is characterized by the presence of recurrent, unprovoked seizures resulting from an abnormality of the brain. The condition can be inherited (genetic or idiopathic epilepsy), caused by structural problems in the brain (structural epilepsy), or stem from an unknown cause (epilepsy of unknown cause)1. Determination of an appropriate treatment regimen for canine epilepsy depends on an accurate diagnosis of the type and cause of seizures, only after which appropriate therapeutic options can be identified.

In some cases seizures can be influenced by environmental factors such as
lyme disease, meningitis, a severe allergic reaction, viral infection, trauma, Eating poison, Liver disease, Low or high blood sugar, Kidney disease, Electrolyte problems, Anemia, Head injury, Encephalitis, Strokes, Brain cancer. The mode of inheritance is not yet clear.

There are sources in our breed that shows an infulennce of zinc deficiency can be connected with seizures in our breed.




The mineral zinc plays an important role in many substances in the canine body including enzymes, proteins, and hormones.

Zinc is also important for immune system function and thyroid function. Zinc-deficiency can result in many problems for the dog including:

Lack of protection from infection
Abnormal iodine metabolism
Interference with normal cell development including wound healing, and replacement of intestinal lining cells, skin cells, hair, and nails
Interference with normal sexual function (important in breeding animals)
Puppies affected with zinc-deficiency experience stunted growth, diarrhea, crusted and cracked footpads, and multiple infections. These puppies do not respond to zinc supplementation, and usually die or are euthanized.


True zinc-deficiency is rare and is thought to result from a malabsorption of zinc in the small intestine, as there is plenty of zinc that is highly bioavailable (easily absorbed) in good quality dog foods.




Zinc deficiency in Huskies


Correcting Zinc Deficiency in Huskies


Zinc Deficiency and Seizures in Siberians


Siberian Husky Illustrated Standard by Siberian Husky Club of America










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